Catalogue 276

FIRST DAY COVERS OF THE 1948 CANADA
ROYAL WEDDING COMMEMORATIVE ISSUE
by
GARY DICKINSON

PREFACE

This is the first monograph in a series of six dealing with the First Day Covers of the commemorative stamps issued by Canada from 1947 to 1949. Several collectors have contributed to an updated version of this monograph since the first edition was published in November, 2006. Further contributions would be welcomed and will result in ongoing improvements to this record of FDC's for the 1948 issue commemorating the Royal Wedding.

Several collectors were especially helpful in the preparation of this second edition. Most notably, scans, photocopies, and comments were received from George Basher, Ivan Croteau, Harold Houston, and Bruce Perkins. I would also like to express my appreciation and thanks to Stephen Prest for his encouragement, support, and assistance from conception to fruition of this project as well as my series of articles on FDCs he has edited for the King George VI Post and Mail.

Gary Dickinson
gandbdickinson@shaw.ca

Catalogue 276 Content

INTRODUCTION
This is the first in a series of monographs presenting detailed inventories and studies of First Day Covers published for stamps issued during the reign of King George VI. This monograph deals with FDC's for the stamp issued to commemorate the wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip on November 20, 1947.

The stamp, Scott No. 276, (See Figure 1) was designed by Herman Herbert Schwartz and the portrait was engraved by William F. Ford from a photograph by Dorothy Wilding of London, England. The stamp was printed by the Canadian Bank Note Company Limited of Ottawa. It was printed in sheets of 400 because of its small size and separated into panes of 100. Plate numbers 1 and 2 were used, and the stamps were perforated 12. A total of 50,010,000 stamps were printed.

As was noted in the January, 1948 issue of BNA Topics (Vol. 5, No. 1, p. 8), production difficulties necessitated a delay of one month in the issuance of the stamp. Instead of Thursday, January 15, 1947 as was originally planned, the date of issue was Monday, February 16, 1948. This delay resulted in some interesting variations in FDC's as some are found with the original date, some with the original date scratched out, overprinted, or revised, and some with the later, actual first day of issue.

The philatelic literature revealed two prior attempts to document the array of FDC's produced for this issue. As part of a lengthy series of articles in First Days, the journal of the American First Day Cover Society, Melvin L. Baron reviewed the covers known to him at the time and in addition listed the cities and towns known to have day of issue postmarks. Baron listed and described fourteen different cachets although only five were illustrated, and those only in black and white. In an unpublished study dated 1992, B. G. Perkins included the Royal Wedding issue among FDC's reviewed for the 1947 to 1959 period. He identified 41 different cachets, including minor varieties.

THE CACHETS

More than four times as many cachets are represented here than were listed by Baron in 1981, and one and a half times as many as Perkins identified in 1992. Whereas Baron assigned each cachet a distinct number even if it differed only slightly from another cachet, here the variations on a basic design are assigned sub-types for ease of identification. The numbering method developed for this issue has also been applied in other studies of FDC?s in this monograph series. The system includes a three-digit Scott catalogue number for the issue (ie. 276 in this case) followed by a three digit major type number (eg. 205) and then a two-digit number for a minor variation in text, design, or colour (eg. 02). Thus, a typical classification for a cachet might be 276.205.02.

As shown in Table I, the cachets are arranged so that those bearing the likeness of the Princess alone (12 cachets) are shown first, followed by those showing the Princess and Prince together (12 cachets) and another 12 cachets with miscellaneous themes related to the Royal Wedding. Four of the categories of cachets shown here are also used with the FDC's of other stamp issues and have been designated as standard categories. These categories include Postcards, Hand-Drawn or Painted, Predominantly Text, and General Purpose cachets.

TABLE I
CLASSIFICATION OF FDC'S FOR SCOTT NO. 276

CATEGORY CAT. NO. NO. OF CACHETS
Thematic Categories of Cachets:
Princess Elizabeth only 276.100 12
Prince Philip and Princess Elizabeth 276.200 12
Miscellaneous themes 276.500 12
Standard Categories of cachets:
Postcards 276.600 2
Hand-Drawn or hand-painted 276.650 4
Predominantly Text 276.800 9
General Purpose 276.900 12
Uncacheted Covers:
Business env., typed message 276.994 NA
Business env., hand-written or printed message 276.995 NA
Business env., FD dated only 276.996 NA
Personal env., typed message 276.997 NA
Personal env., hand-written or printed message 276.998 NA
Personal env., FD dated only 276.999 NA
Total 63

The last six categories noted in Table I are for uncacheted FDC?s which contain limited or no acknowledgement that they are related to the first day of this issue other than a brief notation or a postal marking on business stationery or personal use envelope. Such covers are virtually unlimited in number, and in many cases they are unique, hence a complete catalogue of them would be virtually impossible. Collectors could organize such FDC?s according to the six categories suggested, with a two digit indicator of each cover for inventory purposes. Thus, a collector?s sixth business envelope with a typed "first day" message, #276 franking, and first day cancellation would be catalogued as 276.994.06.

DAY OF ISSUE LOCATIONS

Ottawa was the designated official first day of issue city, but other cities and towns had supplies of the stamp on hand as first day postmarks appear on a variety of covers from places other than Ottawa. Baron listed ten unofficial first day locations while the 37 locations known now are included in the alphabetical listing shown below. While the largest number (16) of cancellations were circular date stamps, there were also 6 machine, 3 slogan, and 1 duplex cancellation. In some case, day-of-issue locations had been reported without the type of cancellation being noted.
TABLE II
FIRST DAY CANCELLATIONS ON #276 COVERS

LOCATION PROV. CDS DUPLEX MACHINE SLOGAN
Belleville ON
Brantford ON
Campbellford ON
Desoronto ON X
Dundas ON
Edmonton AB
Elmira ON
Fergus ON
Haliburton ON X
Halifax NS
Hamilton ON X
House of Commons ON
Kingston ON
Kitchener ON X
Lachute QC
Lindsay ON X
London ON X X
Montreal QC X
Notre Dame de Grace QC
Oshawa ON
Ottawa ON X X
Parry Sound ON Mail Early
Port Burwell ON X
Red Deer AB
Regina SK X X
Saint Thomas ON
Toronto ON X Canada Help
Toronto ON Save Time
Toronto Terminal A ON X
Toronto Station D ON X
Toronto Station E ON X
Toronto & Windsor RPO ON X
Vancouver BC X X
Vancouver Sub. No. 4 BC X
Victoria BC X
Windsor ON X
Winnipeg MB

Note: First day cancellations have been reported in some cases without the type of cancel.

REFERENCES
Baron, Melvin L. "FDC's of the Canadian Postal Issues of 1940-1950: Part III-Sc.l 276-Royal Marriage Commemor. Issue of 1948.," First Days, Vol. 26, No. 1 (January-February, 1981. pp. 55-56.
Perkins, B. G. "Canada First Day Cover Cachet/Catalogue 1947-1959." Unpublished manuscript, 1992.

Catalogue 276.101

FDC No.: 276.101.01 (Baron Type 1)
Cachet By: JCR (J. C. Rosenbaum)
Description: This is a blue cachet with head and shoulders portrait of Princess Elizabeth, in a vertical rectangular frame with various sized circles outside the frame on the left and right and small crowns in the bottom left and right corners. Text above the portrait is 'COMMEMORATING THE/ Royal Wedding/ NOV. 20th 1947' and text below the portrait is 'FIRST DAY COVER/ JAN. 15th 1948.' Note that this is an incorrect first day date.
276.101.01
FDC No.: 276.101.02 (Baron Type 1)
Cachet By: JCR (J. C. Rosenbaum)
Description: This is the same cachet as the previous one except that it is brown rather than blue. The date of issue below the portrait of Princess Elizabeth is again the proposed date of issue, January 15, 1948 rather than the actual date of issue.
276.101.02
FDC No.: 276.101.03 (Baron Type 1)
Cachet By: JCR (J. C. Rosenbaum)
Description: This brown cachet is again identical in design with 276.101.01 but the correct date of issue (Feb. 16, 1948) is shown below the Princess's portrait.
276.101.03
FDC No.: 276.101.04 (Baron Type 1)
Cachet By: JCR (J. C. Rosenbaum)
Description: This cachet also is identical with 276.101.01 except that the colour is blackish-green. The corrected date of issue (Feb. 16, 1948) is shown.
276.101.04
FDC No.: 276.101.05 (Baron Type 1)
Cachet By: JCR (J. C. Rosenbaum)
Description: This cachet also is identical with 276.101.01 except that the date of issue has been corrected to Feb. 16, 1948 by rubber stamp.

276.101.05

Catalogue 276.102

FDC No.: 276.102.01 (Baron Type 6)
Cachet By: P. & Co. (Price and Company)
Description: This black cachet features a side view of the Princess looking through a stamp album. The text in the top left corner reads FIRST DAY COVER/ January 15th, 1949/ ROYAL WEDDING/ November 20th, 1947. The cachet shows the earlier, incorrect date of ssue.
276.102.01
FDC No.: 276.102.02
Cachet By: P. & Co. (Price and Company)
Description: This is the same cachet as 276.102.01 except that a label bearing the correct first day of issue has been pasted over the incorrect date.
276.102.02
FDC No.: 276.102.03
Cachet By: P. & Co. (Price and Company)
Description: This is the same cachet as 276.102.01 except that a rubber stamp with the correct first day of issue has been impressed under the incorrect date.
276.102.03

Catalogue 276.103

FDC No.: 276.103
Cachet By: W. C. West (uncertain)
Description: This black and white cachet features a two-thirds frontal photograph of the Princess in her wedding dress, waving. The text above the photograph reads "ROYAL WEDDING NOV. 20, 1947" and at the bottom centre "1st Day Cover."
276.103

Catalogue 276.104

FDC No.: 276.104 (Baron Type 14)
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: Published in lilac, this cachet consists of a portrait of Princess Elizabeth in a frame. The printing "FIRST DAY OF ISSUE" appears above the portrait while below it the text is, "In Honor of the/ Wedding of/ PRINCESS ELIZABETH/ and PHILIP MOUNTBATTEN/ November 20, 1947".
276.104

Catalogue 276.105

FDC No.: 276.105
Cachet By: Guelph Stamp Club
Description: This cachet features a grey reproduction of the stamp except that the numeral "4" is slightly different. Lettering in italics above the reproduction cites the name of the Club while lettering beneath it is "First Day of Issue."
276.105

Catalogue 276.106

FDC No.: 276.106
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: This bilingual English-Spanish cachet has a head and shoulders portrait of Princess Elizabeth with "FIRST DAY OF ISSUE" above the frame and "H.R.H. PRINCESS ELIZABETH" below it.

This is a third-generation scan with very dark tones.

276.106

Catalogue 276.107

FDC No.: 276.107
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: This cachet is in pink and features a portrait of the Princess along with the text "COMMEMORATING THE MARRIAGE OF/ H.R.H. Princess Elizabeth" above it and "TO/ H.R.H. The Duke of Edinburgh" below it. Centered along the bottom of the cover is the legend "First Day of Issue February 16th, 1948."
276.107

Catalogue 276.108

FDC No.: 276.108
Cachet By: William S. Linto
Description: The cachet shown is #2 of 33 of this type produced by Linto for this issue. He also produced 276.809, a cachet comprised mainly of text, shown later. The design features a waist-up portrait of the Princess in wedding attire within a decorative frame. Below the portrait is the wording, "H.R.H. THE/ Princess Elizabeth."
276.108

Catalogue 276.201

FDC No.: 276.201.01 (Baron Type 7)
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: A purple cachet with head and shoulders portraits of the Prince and Princess with a fancy border showing clusters of three leaves in the corners and a coat or arms and flags at top centre. Text above the frame says "NOVEMBER-20-NOVEMBRE/ 1947" and below the frame "A LONG LIFE OF HAPPINESS/ IS THE BEST WISH OF/ THE PEOPLE OF CANADA".
276.201.01
FDC No.: 276.201.02
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: This is the same cachet as 276.201.01 with the addition of a rubberstamped impression below the portraits. The Jan. 15 date of issue has been lined through by pen and Feb. 16 substituted. The rubber stamp includes the return address for J. Warner Edminster of Vermont, who is presumably the person who modified the Fulton cachet.
276.201.02
FDC No.: 276.201.03
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: This is the same cachet as 276.201.01 with Purple cachet by an unknown maker with rubber-stamped date of issue.
276.201.03

Catalogue 276.202

FDC No.: 276.202
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: The cachet features a blue and white waist-up portrait of the Princess in her wedding dress and the Prince in his naval uniform, both waving. There is a red frame around the portrait. The text above the frame is in blue and reads "H.R.H. PRINCESS ELIZABETH/ and the DUKE OF EDINBURGH/ NOVEMBER 20, 1947." Below the frame there is red text "FIRST DAY COVER", and below that in blue "OTTAWA CANADA."
276.202

Catalogue 276.203

FDC No.: 276.203.01
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: This blue and white cachet shows head and shoulders caricatures of the Princess and Prince in circles with a banner and bells above and a leaf, banner, and scroll below the portraits. The text above the portraits reads "FIRST DAY OF ISSUE / commemorating/ [in banner] THE ROYAL WEDDING." Text below the portraits is "H.R.H. / PRINCESS ELIZABETH--H.R.H. PRINCE PHILLIP / NOVEMBER 20TH 1947."
276.203.01
FDC No.: 276.203.02
Cachet By: Unknown
Description: This is the same cachet as 276.203.01 with the addition of a rubber stamped date of issue below the cachet.
276.203.02