FDC Specialist

Canada First Day Cover Specialist

This newletter was produced in the 1980's by Marcel Cool. With his kind permission, we are reproducing it here.

Working from scans of the original, the content has been converted to an electronic form for easier display on these web pages. I have taken the liberty of correcting a few typographical errors, but will undoubtedly have introduced a few of my own. I take responsibility for these. This conversion takes some time, so I will be posting more issues as they are converted.

As inspiring as the calls for responses and subscriptions may be, please remember that this publication is no longer being produced. Your comments are welcome and will be passed on to the author. If you are inspired by the articles, we would love to offer you a chance to carry on, either through web posting or contributions to the current newsletter of the FDCSG - First Impressions.

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1 No. 1 - July 1984

A Brief Review of First Day Cover Collecting in Canada.

For the last ten years, First Day Cover collecting in Canada has been on the decline. Why? Well, I guess there are several reasons and the following is my opinion:

From the first cacheted Canadian First Day Covers in 1927 this aspect of philately grew slowly but steadily. On April 1, 1949 Canada Post introduced the first Official First Day Cancel which was used for the Newfoundland commemorative stamp Scott #282. The official city for this issue was St. John's, Newfoundland and several cachets may be found for this issue bearing the Official cancel. 47,588 covers were officially cancelled for that issue.

During the 1950's, an average of 50,000 covers were being officially cancelled on the day of issue of the various stamps. This average climbed to 75,000 in the first part of the 1960's and increased to over 100,000 at the end
of the 60's. I have been advised by Canada Post that there are no figures available for the period since 1969.

On April 14, 1971, Canada Post introduced their own Official Cacheted First Day Covers for the Maple in Spring issue. (Scott # 535). A limited edition of 75,000 of these covers were made. Considering that approximately 150,000 privately issued covers were being serviced at that time, this limited edition represented about 50% of the potential market and, since the private cachet makers continued to service their customers, the additional covers only served to flood the market with more easily accessible cacheted covers. (I wonder how many of the Canada Post Covers had to be destroyed for the first few issues and how limited the quantities are at this time?)

All the dealers who had during the prior twenty years specialized in First Day Cover Service to their customers were now beinning to feel the strain put on them by a a very strong competitor: Canada Post.

As the collectors began ordering from Canada Post, the dealers reduced their orders with the Cachet Makers until, after a short time the smaller makers dropped out and the larger makers reduced the quantities produced to satisfy the declining market.

I have recently inquired from dealers across Canada as to the FDC market in their area. The replies were unanimous: there is very little interest in First Day Covers in Canada. Dealers who once promoted First Day Covers will no longer stock these when their inventories are depleted. It is therefore safe to assume that the only remaining market is being handled by Canada Post and, since they do not have information available as to the quantities issued of Official First Day Covers, it is fairly safe to assume that this hobby in Canada is very sick. Yet, in the U.S.A. where the government has not gotten involved in the issuance of Official First Day Covers (probably because they still believe in free entreprise), this aspect of Philately has grown progressively over the years and is still growing.

After losing the market to Canada Post, dealers of Canadian First Day Covers have in the past come up with several "good" reasons for not collecting these. Have you tried selling FDC's to a Canadian Dealer recently?

To summarise, the following reasons are in my opinion the cause of the "decline and fall" of First Day Cover collecting in Canada:

  1. Direct interference by a government agency in a field that was expanding in the private sector.
  2. The constant downgrading of the hobby by dealers.
  3. The lack of coverage in the philatelic press.
  4. Lack of specialized catalogues and accurate pricing information.

The purpose of this Journal is to try to revive this aspect of philately in Canada. There is a wealth of information yet to be discovered about Canadian FDC's. Who were the cachet makers? Who designed the cachets? How many private firms mailed First Day Covers to their customers as a form of promotion? How many, if any, Canadian
cachet makers are still active? How rare are the various cachets produced?

Many veterans of this hobby are not getting younger and I believe that they have a wealth of information to give us. So, now is the time to research these and many other questions because, if we wait the answers may be lost forever and leave a wide blank in the philatelic heritage of our country.

For those of you still in doubt, let me offer this last argument and plea.


  1. They are a lasting and visible souvenir of the day of issue of the stamp or stamps affixed on the cover. They have a clear, unobtrusive cancel which is now also pertinent to the issue.
  2. The varied cacheted covers available are usually in themselves miniature works of art and are in themselves a collectible item.
  3. There is no worry of damage occurring to the precious glue on the stamp. The objection most often heard about First Day Covers is that they have not been postally used. Have mint stamps been postally used? (I prefer paying a premium for a nice cachet than a premium for undisturbed virgin glue) At least, plate blocks offer pertinent information in the selvedge and are also collected in mint condition and therefore not postally used. (These are also available on First Day Covers). If you are a postal historian and feel very strongly about a First Day Cover being postally used, buy an appropriate cacheted envelope, affix a stamp and mail it to yourself. (The veteran collectors will remember this procedure very well) You could thereby build a collection of each stamp issued and used on the first day of issue for all post offices across Canada, a specific Province a County or simply your own town.
    1. Have I convinced you? Please fill out the attached form and forward it to me along with a cheque or money order in the amount of $15. for future issues of this Journal which, unlike this introductory issue will be illustrated and filled with informative articles.

      If you are a dealer and would like to relive the joys of the 50's and 60's by offering to service and sell please let me know and I will publish your name and address "FREE" for one issue.

      I hope to have the pleasure of having to sort out all the bags of mail filled with applications or comments on this first issue.

      Marcel Cool

      P.S. The journal is to be printed a minimum of 10 times yearly.

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1 No. 2 - August 1984


In an effort to facilitate the exchange of information between FDC collectors, an attempt will be made to organize and standardize the numbering of Canadian First Day Covers.

A two-letter code will be used to designate the Cachet Makers. For example CP could be used for Canada Post, RC for Rose Craft, NR for NR Covers, etc... An uncacheted cover would be designated as ZZ, MS followed by a number would designate unidentified Cachet Makers. If a variety exists on a specific cachet, such as a difference in color, the Maker code would be followed by a small v and a number.

The Maker Code would be followed by a standard catalogue number, such as Scott, Canada Specialized, Yvert Tellier, etc... which would have to be specified by the writer.

The Stamp configurations on the cover would be designate as follows:

The addressing on the envelope would be designated as follows;

An example of a listing would be: CP-553v-PBUL-U and would translate as follows:
Canada Post cachet for Scott Cat# 553v (Line on Tepee variety) bearing an Upper Left Plate Block and being Unaddressed.

Any comments on this proposed numbering system would be greatly appreciated.


With this issue, we will begin a series which will attempt to catalogue the various cachets which have appeared over the years to commemorate the various issues of Canadian Postage Stamps. Early cachets were made by Stamp Clubs, Stamp Dealers, Private Firms and individuals. Commercial Cachet Makers began making their appearances in the 1940's. As many of the early cachets were unidentified, an attempt wil be made through this journal to try and identify as many as possible prior to cataloguing.

On April 14, 1971, Canada Post began to issue their own Official First Day Covers. The first cover was made for the "Maple in Spring" issue, Scott #535 designed by Miss Alma Duncan, who also designed the "Summer", "Fall" and "Winter" Maple Stamps. The covers for these were designed by William Rueter of Toronto, and a limited edition of 50,000 were produced.

The Canada Post Cachets being the most readily available at the moment, we will begin our cataloguing efforts with these.

This and future issues may be combined to form a complete catalogue and price list list of Canada Post Cachets. At the beginning of each year, an update will be made of all the issues of the previous year. Price revisions will be made as required to reflect the current market.

All covers will be listed chronologically and the Scott Cat. No. will be used as a guide for identification of the stamps. Prices quoted are for clean unaddressed covers. Addressed covers (of which there are very few) sell for about 75% of these prices.

All comments with regards to additions, deletions or errors will be greatly appreciated.


Day of Issue M D Y Scott Cat. # Description Single Pair Block of 4 Plate Block
04 14 71 535 6¢ Maple in Spring 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00
Canada Post did not issue First Day Covers for the Papineau and Hearne issues of May 7th, nor the Census and Radio Canada issues of June 1st.
06 16 71 536 6¢ Maple in Summer 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00
06 16 71 v536 6¢ Maple in Summer 1.50 1.75 2.00 2.25
A variation exists on the official Ottawa cancellation for this issue. As on most issues for this period, the cancel on 536 reads 16 VI, 1971 on two consecutive lines whereas on v536, a line is skipped between 16 VI and 1971.
06 30 71 543 7¢ Transportation 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75*
* Both plates 1 and 2 are available on cover for this issue.
07 20 71 552 7¢ Centenary of B.C. 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75
08 11 71 553 7¢ Paul Kane 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00
08 11 71 553v 7¢ Paul Kane, line on tepee 1.50 1.75 2.50 2.75
This variety appears on each stamp in the first vertical row of the sheet. Price quoted for pair is for one variety se-tenant with a normal stamp. Price quoted for block of 4 and plate block is for 2 stamps with the variety and 2 normal stamps. The UL and LL plate blocks contain the variety.
09 03 71 537 7¢ Maple in Autumn 1.25 1.50 1.75 2.00
10 06 71 554 6¢ Snowflake 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75*
Both plates 1 and 2 are available on cover for this issue.
10 06 71 555 7¢ Snowflake 1.00 1.25 1.50 1.75*
* Both plates 1 and 2 are available on cover for this issue.
10 06 71 556 10¢ Snowflake 1.50 2.00 3.25 3.50
10 06 71 557 15¢ Snowflake 1.50 2.00 3.00 3.25
10 06 71 554-7 Set on cover 2.25 - - -
554p to 557p with Winnipeg Tagging have been seen to exist on private cacheted covers but have not been reported on Canada Post cachets. These have therefore not been listed in this catalogue.

The first of a series of four stamps issued on the Naple Leaf, and issued during their respective season. The first of the series designed by, Miss Alma was the Maple Seeds in Spring and was issued April 14 , 1971. A quantity of 27,280M stamps was produced by Ashton-Potter.

The second in the series depicts the Maple Leaf in Summer and was issued June 16, 1971. A quantity of 26,440M stamps were produced by Ashton-Potter.

This variety in the indicia of the dater stamp is the only one which I know of in this era and has only been observed on the Canada Post cachets. The date and year on the normal issue are on two consecutive lines whereas on the variety, a line is skipped between the two.

On July 1st 1971, there was an increase in the first-class rate, which necessitated the issue of a new 7¢ definitive stamp. It features a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II by Anthony Buckley (also reproduced on the cachet) and a scene depicting Canadian Transportation and Communications. The stamp designed by the Canadian Bank Note Co. was issued June 30, 1971 and a quantity of 271,445M stamps were made. These stamps were also produced with the Winnipeg two-bar tag but were not available on Canada Post FDC's. Contrary to what has been stated in specialized catalogues, both plates 1 and 2 were available on First Day cover from Canada Post.

This stamp, designed by E. Bethune was issued July 20, 1971 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of British Columbia's entry into Confederation. A quantity of 30,000M stamps was produced by Canadian Bank Note Co.

Issued to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the death of Paul Kane, an Irish born artist recognized for his paintings of Indians and their way of life. The design by the British American Bank Note Co. features his painting "Indian Encampment on Lake Huron". The cachet features a portrait of Paul Kane. The stamp was issued August 11, 1971 and a quantity of 25,200M was produced by B.A.B.N.

The third stamp in this series, depicting the Maple Leaf in Fall was issued September 3, 1971. A quantity of 26,550M was produced by Ashton-Potter. The cachets for the first three issues form a composite picture. In fact, placed side by side it will be noted that the painting depicted moves progressively to the right.

CP554 to CP557
The same cachet was used by Canada Post to depict the 1971 series of Christmas Stamps. Designed by Lisi Levinsolim, the stamps feature snowflake crystals. This series of four stamps was issued October 6, 1971 and was printed by the Canadian Bank Note Co.

1927 60th Anniversary of Confederation.
A series of six stamps was issued June 29, 1927. These were designed by the Canadian Bank Note Company Ltd.
Scott # 141 1¢ Orange, Portrait of Sir John Alexander McDonald, the first Prime Minister of Canada, was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1815. He came to Canada in 1820 and entered parliament in 1844, and in 1864 he took part in the conference on the proposal to confederate the provinces of British North America. After the British North America Act came into force on July lst, 1867, Sir John became the first prime minister of the Dominion of Canada.
Scott # 142 2¢ Green, "The Fathers of Confederation" from a photograph of an original oil-painting by Robert Harris. The original painting was unfortunately destroyed in the burning of the Parliament Buildings, Ottawa, in 1916.
Scott # 143 3¢ Carmine, The Centre Block of the Federal Parliament Buildings. The building contains the House of Commons, the Senate, and parliamentary offices. The Peace Tower, dominating the building, contains the Memorial Chamber which commemorates Canada's dead in two World Wars.
Scott # 144 5¢ Violet, Portrait of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, born in St. Lin, Quebec in 1541, he entered Parliament in 1877 and became prime minister in 1896, He was knighted in 1897 Awhile attending the ceremonies in connection with the Diamond Jubilee of Queens Victoria's accession to the throne.
Scott # 145 12¢. Blue, Map of Canada showing the political boundaries in 1867 and 1927. The Dominion of Canada formed in 1867 is shown arainst a lighter background map of Canada of 1927.
Scott # E3 20¢ Orange, is the only commemorative special delivery stamp. It features five stages of rail transportation in Canada: a mounted mail courier, a dog-train, an express train, an ocean liner and two biplanes. The mountain peak in the background is a free rendering of Mont Cathedral, in Yoho National Park, Alberta. The stretch of land in the foreground suggests the Canadian prairies with the snow typifying the northern areas. The water is the great St. Lawrence waterway, and the train represents Canada's extensive transcontinental railway system.

Mr. George Eppstadt of Maxville, Ontario produced the first Canadian Cacheted First Day Covers for this issue and also for the Historical Issue of the same date. His four color cachet has a wide border of Maple Leaves with a Crest in the Upper Left side, beneath which appear the following three lines of text: 1867 - 1927; Canada's Jubilee; of Confederation. Stamp configurations on these covers are numerous, and an attempt will to made to list all of these after our study. They are also known with the Ottawa Flag Cancel for this issue and with the Maxville ???. ????? rubber stamp.

The cooperation of our readers is requested to complete this and other studies which will be made. You are therefore asked to submit clear photocopies of any and all First Day Covers in your collection prior to 1937. I wish to thank Mr. Maurice Malenfant, member #4 who has graciously supplied copies of the following Eppstadt Covers.

Note that this cover was addressed to Mr. A.C. Roessler, a U.S. producer of cacheted FDC's from 1925 to 1938.

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1, No. 3 - September 1984


On August 21st, I received the following Newsletter from Mr. Stephen Rosenbloom:


It is with sadness that I inform you that my father, Norman Rosenbloom, passed away suddenly on May 27th.

My father's love for philately grew from, stamp collecting as a child, to personnally processing first day covers for friends in the early 50's, to later producing his own cachet.

It is with regret that the operation ceases its existance at his passing.

Stephen Rosenbloom

As I write you, I have been advised of a project underway in tracing the history and evolution of first day covers in Canada, conducted by Mr. Marcel Cool to be published as a book. He is currently looking for details on NR Covers, Rosecraft, etc, and the people behind them. Please feel free to write Mr. Cool with any data that would be of assistance.

Thank you for your past support.


Mr. Norman Rosenbloom began producing cacheted first day covers on a commercial scale on May 3, 1974 for Scott #633 8¢ Centenary of Winnipeg. He produced covers for each stamp issue since that date until he passed away. He will surely be missed but, dearly remembered by all first day cover collectors.

Since I have not received any comments on the numbering system proposed on page 5 of the last edition, I would assume that this system would be acceptable. I have therefore listed below a preliminary code list which will be updated as more cachet makers are identified:

AC = Artcraft GE = George Eppstadt
AM = Artmaster GH = Gorham
AP = Artopages HC = House of Commons
AR = A.C. Roessler HE = H & E
BH = Beverly Hills HF = Hayford
BN = Bob of the Northland HO = Hoechst
CC = Capital City HS = Hamilton Philatelic Society
CE = Caneco Envelopes JC = JCR
CJ = Chickering & Jackson MT = Monsieur Timbres
CL = Colorano NR =NR NR Covers
CO = Cole PR = Price & Co.
CP = Canada Post PS = Philatelic Supply Co
CS = Canadian Philatelic Society RC = RoseCraft
DO = Dome SB = Smith / Bate
EH = Edward Hacker SC = Schering Corp.
EM = Elliott-Marion SE = Senate of Canada
FH = F. Herget WS = Winnipeg Philatelic Society
FW = Fleetwood


Readers are requested to submit copies of cachets which have not been named above. If the cachet does not bear the name of the maker, please advise the source for the identification of the maker. Anyone possessing information on any cachet maker for Canadian stamps is also asked to submit this information or, better still, to write an article for the journal on this maker.


Dear Marcel,
Thus far I have restricted my collection to unaddressed covers, wherever possible. I realize, however, that older unaddressed FDC's are not available and I am wondering at what point in time does this become the case? I have the peace issue of 1946 on unaddressed covers, but have not seen earlier issues in this condition. Any help you could give me would be appreciated.

All the best,
Don Anderson
Wilmot, P.E.I.

Dear Don,
I have seen unaddressed cacheted FDC's dating back to 1935 and some may exist prior to this. This issue reminds me a little bit of the Never Hinged debate on mint postage stamps. I have never felt ill-at-ease about displaying my addressed FDC's nor my uncacheted covers. This question has been asked several times by knowledgeable philatelists and novices alike and in all fairness I will answer by giving the following guidelines.

PRIOR TO 1937: Addressed covers are standard and collectors usually prefer beautiful handwriting or typewritten addresses. Scribbled addresses are definitely worthwhile but less desireable.

1937 to 1948 : Pencil addresses usually command a premium as they can be erased. Poorly addressed covers are less desireable but, I would definitely not refuse them.

1949 to 1957 : Unaddressed covers for this period command a premium. Pencil addresses or addresses on a removeable label is acceptable. As the number of Canadian FDC's issued in this period is still quite limited, addressed covers are still in demand.

1958 to 1970 : The peak period of FDC collecting in Canada saw the production of several hundred thousand covers by a multitude of cachet makers. Many people still had their prize covers serviced by Canada Post and were therefore addressed. More and more dealers were now stocking commercially available FDC's for those who had missed an issue or the new collector. These latter covers were usually unaddressed. Pencil addressed covers for this period are acceptable. Covers addressed in ink or typewritten usually sell for about 70% of catalogue value.

1971 to date : Unaddressed covers are the norm. Addressed covers are definitely less desireable at the moment.


Questions from readers are always welcome and will always receive an answer. I have already answered several inquiries and I will select some of the questions of general interest to all the readers for inclusion in the journal. Your comments and views are always welcome. We are all pioneers in this field of philately in Canada and I would not want my own opinions to be the sole guidelines to the great future of this hobby.


The following additions are to be made to the items listed on page 7 of the August journal:

06 16 71 v2-536 60 Maple in Summer

I have found a cover on which the Official cancel runs across the cachet, rather than the stamps. Obviously, this human error was caused by the machine operator who fed the envelope upside-down. Since it is the only cover of this type I have seen, I will not attempt to price it.

06 30 71 543 7¢ Transportation

This stamp was also issued with Winnipeg Tagging but has not been seen on Canada Post Cachet.

10 06 71 554v 6¢ Snowflake (Plain paper)

This variety has been reported by Maurice Malenfant who also sent a color photograph taken under U.V. light, therefore proving the existence of this variety on Canada Post cachet. Prices are double of the prices quoted for the regular issue.


Day of issue M D Y Scott Cat.No. Description Single Pair Bl.of 4 PL.BL.
10 20 71 558 7¢ Pierre Laporte 1.10 1.30 1.70 1.75
11 19 71 538 7¢ Maple in Winter 1.10 1.25 1.60 1.65
12 30 71 544 8¢ Parliament Library 1.10 1.20 1.50 1.60*
* Both plates 1 and 2 are available on cover for this issue.
12 30 71 544p 8¢ Parliament Library, Gen.Tag 1.15 1.25 1.60 1.75
03 01 72 559 8¢ Figure Skating 1.10 1.30 1.70 1.80
03 17 72 600 $1. Vancouver 11.25 21.50 42.50 46.50
03 17 72 600v1 $1. Vancouver, $ sign flaw 19.50 38.00 60.00
03 17 72 600v2 $1. Vancouver, Dot after post 29.00 48.00 60.00
The $ flaw variety occurs on the first four stamps of the fifth horizontal row of the sheet. The second stamp on this row also has a dot after the word "poster". The price quoted for a pair of vl may contain 2 stamps with the variety or, 1 stamp with the variety and 1 normal stamp. The price for a block of 4 is for either 1 or 2 stamps with the variety. The price for a pair of v2 will contain one vl and one v2. The price for a block of 4 of v2 will contain 1 x vl, 1 x v2 and 2 normal stamps.
03 17 72 601 $2. Quebec 12.25 23.75 46.50 51.00
03 17 72 600-1 Set on cover 23.50 - - -
03 17 72 600v1+601 Set on cover 32.50 - - -
03 17 72 600v2+601 Set on cover 43.00 - - -
04 07 72 560 8¢ World Health Day 1.20 1.40 1.90 2.00
04 07 72 560a 8¢ World Health Day (plain) 2.60 4.30 7.75 8.40
04 07 72 560p 8¢ World Health Day (Gen. Tag) 2.10 3.30 5.75 6.20
04 07 72 560ap 8¢ World Health Day(Tag + Plain) 4.70 8.50 16.00 17.50
The above stamp was printed on both plain and fluorescent paper, the plain paper being the rarest.
05 17 72 561 8¢ Frontenac 1.15 1.35 1.80 1.90
05 17 72 561p 8¢ Frontenac (Gen. Tag) 1.85 2.75 4.60 5.00

CP558 7¢ Pierre Laporte stamp was designed by George Gunderson. 22,790M stamps were printed by the British American Bank Note Co. and issued Oct. 20, 1971.

CP538 The last in the series depicting the Maple leaf in Winter. 26,000M
stamps were printed by Ashton-Potter and issued Nov. 19, 1971.

CP544 8¢ definitive issue necessitated by a postal rate increase effective January 1, 1972. The stamps were designed and printed by the British American Bank Note Co. and issued Dec. 30, 1971.

CP559 Issued on March let 1972 to commemorate the 1972 World Figure Skating Championships held from March 6 to March 12 in Calgary,, Alberta. The stamp was designed by Design Workshop and a quantity of 25,300M were printed by the Canadian Bank Note Company.

CF600-1 Designed by Reinhard Derreth, these two high-value definitive stamps were printed by two security printers. The British American Bank Note Co. supplied the steel engraving and Ashton-Potter printed the lithographic portions.The stamps were issued March 17, 1972.

CP560 Issued April 7, 1972 to commemorate World Health Day, this stamp was designed by Joyce Wieland and a quantity of 23,400M were printed by the British American Bank Note Co.

CP561 Issued to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau, Governor-General of New France. The stamp design by Laurent Marquart is based on a statue of Frontenac by Philippe Hebert, with a sketch of Fort Saint-Louis in the background. The stamp designer's name is misspelled on the plate blocks "Marquard" instead of Marquart. A quantity of 22,700M stamps were printed by the British American Bank Note Co. and issued May 17, 1972.


I wish to thank all those who have responded generously to my plea for photocopies of covers prior to l937. These will be used in future articles to illustrate some of the classic material available for this era.

Maurice Malenfant has once again supplied the copies for the following Eppstadt covers. I am sure you all join with me in thanking him for sharing classic material with us.

A beautiful block of 4 of Scott #141 postmarked Maxville. Ont.

Scott #142 postmarked Toronto Ont. Postal Terminal A with slogan cancel OPEN AIR HORSE PARADE JULY FIRST TORONTO, Proulx A 6730.

Scott #142 tied by Ottawa Ont. Flag Cancel "DIAMOND JUBILEE OF CONFEDERATION': 1867-1927" Proulx #2500 plus Scott #E3 tied by Maxville, Ont. C?S. Both postmarks are dated June 29, 1927.

Scott #145 on registered cover from Edmonton, Alta.

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1, No. 4 - October 1984


At the request of several readers, the major portion of this month's issue is devoted to the listing of the quantities of covers serviced for the various issues of Canadian stamps since 1949. It should be noted that these figures include the total of all stamps issued on that day (as noted) and also include all the various types of covers serviced such as: singles, pairs, combinations, blocks, plate blocks, cacheted and uncacheted. Although these figures are an excellent guide to determine the relative scarcity of official covers for a given issue, they cannot serve as a guide to determine the scarcity of a specific type of cachet used for that issue. It is therefore imperative to determine the various types of cachets used for any given issue and the quantity of each cachet made and still available.

Scott # Date Issue Quantity
282 04 01 49 4¢ Newfoundland 47,588
283 06 21 49 4¢ Halifax 46,444
284-8 11 15 49 1¢ to 5¢ K.G. Revised 50,182
294 03 01 50 50¢ Oil wells 7,348
301 10 02 50 10¢ Fur trade 16,780
302 02 01 51 $1 Fisheries 3,186
303-4 06 25 51 3¢ Borden & 4¢ King 19,,889
315 10 26 51 4¢ Royal Visit 33,686
316 04 01 52 20¢ Forestry 12,136
317 07 26 52 4¢ Red Cross 31.,522
318-20 11 03 52 3¢ Abbott, 4¢ Mackenzie & 7¢ Canada Goose 49,633
321 02 02 53 $1 Totem 4,178
322-4 04 01 53 2¢ Polar Bear, 3¢ Moose & 4¢ Sheep 60,171
325-9 05 01 53 1¢ to 5¢ Q.E. 60,067
330 06 01 53 4¢ Coronation 56,923
334 11 02 53 50¢ Textile 7,547
335-6,341 & 343 04 01 54 4¢ Walrus, 5¢ Beaver, 5¢ Q.E., 15¢ Gannet 109,929
337-40 & 342 06 10 54 1¢,2¢,3¢,4¢ & 6¢ Q.E. 62,424
349-50 11 01 54 4¢ Thompson & 5¢ Bowell 31,558
351 02 21 55 10¢ Eskimo 24,464
352-3 04 04 55 4¢ Musk Ox & 5¢ Whooping Crane 53,365
354 06 01 55 5¢ I.C.A.O. 33,959
355 06 30 55 5¢ Alberta & Sask. 26,557
356 08 20 55 5¢ Boy Scouts 58,970
357-8 11 08 55 4¢ Bennett & 5¢ Tupper 47,745
359 01 23 56 5¢ Hockey 43,388
360-1 04 12 56 4¢ Caribou & 5¢ Mountain Goat 56,823
362-3 06 07 56 20¢ Pulp & Paper, 25¢ Chemical 29,843
364 10 09 56 5¢ Fire Prevention 50,143
365-8 03 07 57 5¢ Sports (4 stamps) 94,856
369 04 10 57 5¢ Loon 54,186
370 06 05 57 5¢ Thompson 45,351
371-2 08 14 57 5¢ & 15¢ Postal Congress 57,081
373 09 05 57 5¢ Mining 38,825
374 10 10 57 5¢ Royal Visit 73,004
375 01 22 58 5¢ Freedom of Press 57,369
376 03 05 58 5¢ I.G.Y. 55,130
377 05 08 58 5¢ B.C. Centennial 50,579
378 06 04 58 5¢ La Verendrye 46,314
379 06 26 58 5¢ Quebec 48,620
380 07 30 58 5¢ National Health 49,190
381 09 10 58 5¢ Oil Centennial 49,428
382 10 02 58 5¢ 200th Anniv. of Assembly 68,740
383 02 23 59 5¢ Flight 62,258
384 04 02 59 5¢ NATO 62,138
385 05 13 59 5¢ Country Women 52,093
386 06 18 59 5¢ Royal Visit 86,000
387 06 26 59 5¢ Seaway 136,660
388 09 10 59 5¢ Plains of Abraham 78,045
389 04 20 60 5¢ Girl Guides 66,415
390 05 19 60 5¢ Dollard des Ormeaux 61,235
391 02 08 61 5¢ Northern Development 68,049
392 03 10 61 5¢ Pauline Johnson 110,091
393 04 19 61 5¢ Arthur Meighen 69,146
394 06 28 61 5¢ Colombo Plan 117,901
395 10 12 61 5¢ Resources for Tomorrow 66,870
337p-41p 01 13 62 1¢ to 5¢ Q.E. tag 30,246
396 02 28 62 5¢ Education 73,772
397 05 03 62 5¢ Red River Settlement 70,259
398 06 13 62 5¢ Jean Talon 111,641
399 08 22 62 5¢ Victoria, B.C. 75,100
400 08 31 62 5¢ Trans-Canada Highway 76,668
405 10 03 62 5¢ Q.E. 91,447
401 & 404 02 04 63 1¢ & 4¢ Q.E. 121,066
410 03 05 63 5¢ Sir Casimir Gzowski 82,910
402-3 05 02 63 2¢ & 3¢ Q.E. 90,014
411 06 14 63 $1 Export 19,306
412 08 21 63 5¢ Martin Frobisher 66,577
413 09 25 63 5¢ Postal Bi-Centennial 80,105
415 10 30 63 15¢ Geese 75,631
414 03 11 64 7¢ Jet Plane 53,322
416 04 08 64 5¢ Peace 69,879
417 05 14 64 5¢ Maple Leaf Unity 71,710
418-9 06 30 64 5¢ Ontario & 50 Quebec Florals 142,354
431 07 29 64 5¢ Charlottetown Conference 68,998
432 09 09 64 5¢ Quebec Conference 73,472
433 10 05 64 5¢ Royal Visit 89,163
434-5 10 14 64 3¢ & 5¢ Christmas 122,666
420-1 02 03 65 5¢ N.S. & 5¢ N.B. Florals 138,573
437 03 03 65 5¢ International Cooperation Year 120,838
422-3 04 28 65 5¢ Manitoba & 5¢ B.C. Florals 139,901
438 06 09 65 5¢ Grenfell 70,708
439 06 30 65 5¢ Flag 87,780
424 07 21 65 5¢ P.E.I. Floral 72,830
440 08 12 65 5¢ Churchill 96,990
441-2 09 08 65 5¢ Parliamentary Union & 5¢ Ottawa 140,560
443-4 10 13 65 3¢ & 5¢ Christmas 121,818
445 01 05 66 5¢ Alouette II 82,152
425-6 01 19 66 5¢ Sask. & 5¢ Alta. Florals 230,015
427 02 23 66 5¢ Nfld. Floral 78,522
428-9 03 23 66 5¢ Yukon & N.W.T. Florals 138,973
446 04 13 66 5¢ Arrival of De LaSalle 68,930
447 05 02 66 5¢ Highway Safety 80,708
448 05 26 66 5¢ London Conference 78,357
429A 06 30 66 5¢ Canadian Coat of Arms 84,117
449 07 27 66 5¢ Peaceful Atomic Power 76,247
450 09 08 66 5¢ Commonwealth Assoc. Conf. 79,869
451-2 10 12'66 3¢ & 5¢ Christmas 135,393
453 01 11 67 5¢ Centennial 163,799
454-8 461-5B 02 08 67 1¢ to $1. Centennial Definitives 353,802
469 04 28 67 5¢ Expo 179,242
470 05 24 67 5¢ Woman's Suffrage 78,400
471 o6 3o 67 5¢ Royal Visit 116,774
472 07 19 67 5¢ Pan American Games 125,544
473 08 31 67 5¢ Canadian Press 83,578
474 09 15 67 5¢ Vanier 90,287
475 09 28 67 5¢ Centennial of Toronto 89,351
476-7 10 11 67 3¢ & 5¢ Christmas 134,173
478 02 15 68 5¢ Gray Jay 100,400
479 03 13 68 5¢ Meteorology 92,393
480 04 10 68 5¢ Narwhal 104,551
481 05 08 68 5¢ Hydrological Decade 100,207
482 06 05 68 5¢ Nonsuch 125,532
483 07 03 68 5¢ Lacrosse 103,020
484 08 21 68 5¢ George Brown 97,925
485 09 04 68 5¢ Henri Bourassa 93,644
486-7 10 15 68 15¢ Armistice & 5¢ McCrae 152,591
488 & 459 11 01 68 5¢ Christmas & 6¢ Orange, Elizabeth II 91,333
489 11 15 68 6¢ Christmas 58,396
490 01 15 69 6¢ Curling 97,587
491 02 20 69 6¢ Vincent Massey 101,000
492 03 14 69 50¢ Suzor Cote 59,155
493 05 21 69 6¢ Int'l Labour Organization 97,177
494 06 13 69 15¢ Trans-Atlantic Flight 66,750
495 06 23 69 6¢ Sir William Osler 155,603
496-8 07 23 69 6¢, 100 & 250 Birds 205,809
499-500 08 15 69 6¢ Charlottetown & 6¢ Summer Games 165,178
501 09 12 69 6¢ Sir Isaac Brock 89,908
502-3 10 08 69 5¢ & 6¢ Christmas 147,529
504 11 12 69 6¢ Stephen Leacock 172,826
460 01 07 70 6¢ black, Elizabeth II 73,443
505-6 01 27 70 6¢ Centennial of Manitoba & 6¢ N.W.T. 220,635
507 02 18 70 6¢ Biological Program 151,384
508-11 03 18 70 25¢ Expo '70 (4 stamps) 113,418
512 04 15 70 6¢ Henry Kelsey 154,082
513-4 05 13 70 10¢ & 15¢ U.N. 148,976
515 06 19 70 6¢ Louis Riel 97,802
516 06 25 70 6¢ Sir Alexander Mackenzie 97,443
517 08 12 70 6¢ Sir Oliver Mowat 93,660
518 09 18 70 6¢ Group of Seven 117,501
519-30 10 07 70 5¢ to 15¢ Christmas stamps 1970 258,363
531 11 04 70 6¢ Sir Alexander Smith 102,721
532 02 12 71 6¢ Emily Carr 102,110
533 03 03 71 6¢ Insulin 156,753
534 03 24 71 6¢ Sir Ernest Rutherford 110,454
535 04 14 71 6¢ Maple in Spring 108,804
539-40 05 07 71 6¢ Papineau & 6¢ Hearne 166,754
541-2 06 01 71 15¢ C.B.C. & 6¢ Census 160,860

Issues not listed were not serviced by the Ottawa office for Official cancel. After the issues of June 1st 1971, figures of covers serviced were no longer released by Canada Post. After corresponding with the marketing division of Canada Post, and after several ensuing conversations with them, they have gracefully agreed to research the statistics for the covers issued by them and I have been advised that these figures will be available for the next issue of the Journal. This can be regarded as a major break for FDC collecting in Canada.

As can be readily seen from the figures quoted above, Canadian FDC's are generally grossly undervalued in most catalogues. This is the time to pick up the scarcer issues as they can still be obtained at a reasonable price. I have noticed that more and more young philatelists have a keen interest in FDC's and there will not be enough older covers to go around.


Day of issue M D Y Scott Cat. No. Description Single Pair Bl.of 4 PL.BL.
07 06 72 562 8¢ Buffalo Chase 1.30 1.75 - -
07 06 72 563 8¢ Artifacts 1.30 1.75 - -
07 06 72 562-3 8¢ Se-tenant - 1.75 2.65 2.85
07 06 72 562p 8¢ Buffalo Chase (Gen. Tag) 1.75 2.65 - -
07 06 72 563p 8¢ Artifacts (Gen. Tag) 1.75 2.65 - -
07 06 72 562-3p 80 Se-tenant (Gen. Tag) - 2.65 4.50 4.85
08 02 72 582 15¢ Geology 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 583 15¢ Geography 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 584 15¢ Photogrammetry 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 585 15¢ Cartography 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 582-5 15¢ Se-tenant - 8.60* 16.25* 18.00
08 02 72 582p 15¢ Geology (Gen. Tag) 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 583P 15¢ Geography (Gen. Tag) 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 584p 15¢ Photogrammetry (Gen. Tag) 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 585p 15¢ Cartography (Gen. Tag) 4.70 - - -
08 02 72 582-5p 15¢ Se-tenant (Gen. Tag) - 8.60* 16.25* 18.00
Various combinations of pairs and se-tenant blocks of 4 are possible.
09 08 72 594 10¢ Forest (OP-4 Tag)* 1.00 1.20 1.55 1.60
09 08 72 594v 10¢ Forest (OP-2 Tag)* 1.00 1.20 1.55 1.60
09 08 72 595 15¢ Mountain Sheep (OP-4 Tag)* 1.15 1.35 1.85 1.95
09 08 72 595v 15¢ Mountain Sheep (OP-2 Tag)* 1.15 1.35 1.35 1.95
09 08 72 596 20¢ Prairie Mosaic (OP-4 Tag)* 1.20 1.55 2.20 2.35
09 08 72 596v 20¢ Prairie Mosaic (OP-2 Tag)* 1.20 1.55 2.23 2.35
09 08 72 597 25¢ Polar Bears (OP-4 Tag)* 1.33 1.70 2.55 2.70
09 08 72 597v 25¢ Polar Bears (OP-2'Tag)* 1.30 1.70 2.55 2.70
09 08 72 598 50¢ Seashore (OP-4 Tag)* 1.70 2.55 4.25 4.60
09 08 72 598v 50¢ Seashore (OP-2 Tag)* 1.70 2.55 4.25 4.62

CP562-3 First two of a series of 20 stamps issued to honour the Indians of Canada. The Indians of the Plains were the first to be honoured. The stamps were designed by Geo. Beaupre & Ray Webber and printed by Ashton-Potter in a quantity of 30,000M.

CP582-5 During 1972, Canada was host to four international scientific congresses. A set of four stamps was designed by Gottschalk & Ash Ltd. to commemorate each event. These stamps were issued in miniature panes of 16 and were printed by Ashton-Potter.

CP594-598 A continuation of the landscape definitives begun in March 1972, These stamps were also designed by Reinhard Derreth.


Many questions have arisen as to the terms used in collecting First Day covers. I have received a letter from Mr. Gilbert D. Kennedy of Victoria, B.C. in response to one of my letters which appeared in the July 20th issue of the Canadian Stamp News. Mr. Kennedy has been collecting FDC's for more than 52 years and both he and his wife enjoy the hobby despite slight variances of opinion as to what constitutes a true First Day cover.

Since Mr. Kennedy's letter is very lenghty, it is not reproduced here. Suffice it to say that it was written very objectively and in a true philatelic spirit in the sharing of knowledge acquired over many years.

From a true philatelic standpoint, I must agree with Mr. Kennedy that a true First Day Cover should have gone through the regular mail service. I believe the term POSTALLY USED FIRST DAY COVER would be appropriate to describe such an item. A cacheted envelope used in this way should be designated as: POSTALLY USED PHILATELIC FIRST DAY COVER. A cacheted envelope which has not gone through the regular mail should be designated simply. as: PHILATELIC FIRST DAY COVER.

Cacheted envelopes usually, but not necessarily have a design on the envelope relating to the stamp or stamps being issued. This design can consist of words, illustrations or both and can be printed, applied with a rubber stamp or simply hand-drawn. The first Canadian cacheted envelopes were designed and produced by Mr. George Eppstadt for the Confederation and Historical issues of 1927.

Primarily because collectors wish to display attractive covers with nothing distracting the overall appearance, Philatelic First Day Covers are in great demand and command a higher price over the Postally Used Covers. As in all businesses, supply and demand are the factors which determine price. The demand for FDC's is proven to be as follows:
1- Philatelic (cacheted) Unaddressed FDC's.
2- Philatelic, addressed FDC's.
3- Non-cacheted, unaddressed FDC's.
4- Non-cacheted, addressed FDC's.

The term OFFICIAL FIRST DAY COVER should be used to designate a cover bearing the cancellation designed by the Post Office for use on the First Day of issue of any given stamp in the city designated as the Official city. Prior to 1949, several cities use to be designated as official cities and normal cancelling devices were used in these cities to cancel the stamps on the day of issue. Prior to 1949, covers so cancelled may also be designated as Official First Day Covers.

An OFFICIAL CACHET is the term which should be used to designate an illustrated envelope prepared by the Postal Authorities of the issuing country, such as Canada Post covers in Canada. A PRIVATE CACHET should be the term used to designate illustrated covers designed and made by individuals, stamp clubs, stamp dealers, or commercial firms.

UNOFFICIAL FIRST DAY COVERS designates a cover bearing a stamp or stamps cancelled on the day of issue in a city other than the official city.

The question of "CANCELLED ON DAY OF ISSUE" is a most difficult one to assess. In Canada, the stand of the Post Office is that first day cancellations are available for a period of six months from the day of issue. Although I feel this period seems long, it does coincide with the time allocated for the purchase of Mint Stamps for the issue, and is controlled and limited to that span of time. As is generally known, First DAY Covers are processed by the post office prior to the day of issue so that Official Cachets can be made available at philatelic counters across Canada on the day of issue.

Collectors are also aware of courtesy cancels which can be obtained from most Post Offices across Canada. It is not usually difficult to backdate a cancelling device to coincide with the day of issue of a stamp or even days or weeks prior to the day of issue. (Which by the way has been reported on several occasions). I therefore believe that the greater controls offered by the Official cancelling device make covers bearing this cancel more desireable and reliable.

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1 No. 5 - November / 1984


As reported in the last issue, the marketing department of Canada Post had verbally consented to release the sales figures of Canada Post cachets. Unfortunately, and for no apparent reason, they changed their mind when it came time to put it in writing. In previous correspondence, I had requested the reason for not divulging these figures and the reply was: "Specific quantities produced for each stamp issue are not publicly released."

For what it is worth, I am quoting to you the sales levels of Official Canada Post FDC's as received from Mr. R.W. Eyre, Executive Director, Retail Marketing.

Sales of single FDC's and corner block FDC's break down as follows:

In my correspondence with Canada Post with respect to sales figures of Official Canada Post cachets I have received a definite "There is no information available as to the quantities of Official First Day Covers", to the figures quoted above. Since to my knowledge there is no official reason with regards to the secrecy of this information, I would hope that Canada Post officials will reconsider their position.

Possibly some of my knowledgeable readers has the answer as to why the quantities of stamps issued are publicly released by Canada Post while the quantities of Official FDC's are not.


Recently, while sorting through some cachets, I noticed major variances in design by the same cachet maker for the same issue. I do not know how many such variances exist, I am relying on you my cherished readers and friends to discover and report these to me for publication.

Congratulations are in order for Thessalia Ramadan whose keen sense of observation led to the discovery of the indicia variety described on page 9 of the August issue for the Maple in Spring cancellation, on yet another issue: Scott # 541 15¢ Radio Canada and Scott # 542 Census stamps. Contrary to the Maple in summer issue on which the variety has only been found on Canada Post cachets, the cancellation variety on these two stamps has been reported on several cachets. Canada Post did not make Official Covers for this issue. Would anyone care to venture a guess as for the reason for this variety?

Note the date I VI / 1971 on two consecutive lines on the cancel of the top cover and I VI / / 1971 on the cancel of the bottom cover.

Art Craft cachet for the 1953 Coronation issue Scott # 330.

Top : The wording below the framed picture of the Queen reads: By the grace of God / of Great Britain / Ireland and the British Dominions / Beyond the seas / Queen, defender of the faith

Bottom: The wording reads as follows: By the grace of God / of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland / and of her other Realms and Territories Queen, head of the / Commonwealth, defender
of the faith

Rose Craft cachet for the Royal visit issue of 1957, Scott # 374.

Top: The portrait of Q.E. is very dark; the scroll work at the bottom of the frame and the lettering differs from the cachet below; there is no shading on the Canadian flag; the parliament buildings are different and larger than the ones pictured on the cachet below; there are two leaves on the stem of the Rose Craft symbol.

Below: The portrait of the queen is shown close up and is lighter; see above for descriptions of the other variances.

Rose Craft cachet for the Louis Riel issue of 1970, Scott # 515.

Top: the outline of the letterring used for the name below the portrait is black and the body of the letters is white; the maple leaf in the lower left hand corner is depicted as a natural leaf.

Bottom: The letterring used for the name is of a different style and is totally black; the wording below the date is framed; the maple leaf is a graphic rendition and is black.

Mapleaf Cachet for the Gray Jay issue of 1968, Scott # 478

Top: This was the original version of the first cachet made by Ross Arnott of Maple Leaf cover service in Montreal. The design was too large and did not leave enough room for the address.

Bottom: Revised version of the same cachet.


Dom Sozio, maker of Dome Cachets has sent along this interesting piece of information. On December 19th 1983.Canada reissued the 48¢ definitive Cradle stamp (part of the heritage issues). New paper and Plate number was used. Twenty Dome cachets were sent by Dom to Canada Post for First Day cancellation on Plate blocks. By mistake, the postal employee used the wrong year date (1982 instead of 1983). I would venture to say that this is the earliest usage known for that issue.

Dome cachets make a beautiful addition to a Canadian FDC collection, and are produced in very limited quantities (as can be noticed above). Do not wait for these to be sold out before deciding to start a collection, as they will be most difficult and expensive to obtain. For more details, you may write to
[ Address deleted ]

1927 Historical Commemorative Issue of 1927

A series of three stamps was issued on June 29, 1927. These were designed by the Canadian Bank Note Company Ltd.

Scott # 146 5¢ violet, Portrait of Hon. Thomas D'Arcy McGee. Born in Ireland on April 13, 1825, he emigrated to the U.S. in 1842 where he became Editor of the Boston Pilot. He returned to Ireland in 1845 and was a parliamentary correspondent in London for the Dublin Freeman's Journal. In 1848, he was obliged to flee the country due to his implication in the abortive Rebellion and went to New York disguised as a priest. In 1857 he moved to Montreal and entered politics in 1858 representing Montreal West. In 1862 he became a cabinet minister and in 1864 he was a delegate to the Charlottetown and Quebec conferences. He was an eloquent advocate of Canadian union and was in a real sense a father of Confederation. On the morning of April 7, 1868, just after he had made a speech in Parliament, he was assassinated at the door of his boarding house on Sparks Street in Ottawa.

Scott # 147 12¢ green, portraits of MacDonald and Laurier. See page 12 of the August issue of the Journal for brief biographies.

Scott # 148 20¢ carmine, portraits of Robert Baldwin and Sir Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, leaders in Upper and Lower Canada, in the struggle for representative government. Baldwin was born in the town of York, now Toronto, on May 12, 1804. He was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada in 1829. After the union of Upper and Lower Canada, he became a member of the executive council and joined Lafontaine in the promotion of national unity. He died in York on December 9, 1858.

Lafontaine was born on October 4, 1807 near Boucherville, Lower Canada. He was admitted to the bar in 1829. He was elected the following year to the Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada. At first he opposed the union of Upper and Lower Canada, but later favoured it. He was associated with Baldwin in the struggle for responsible government. He was knighted in 1854 by Queen Victoria. He died in Montreal on February 26, 1864.


Day of issue M D Y Scott Cat. No. Description Single Pair Bl.of 4 PL.BL.
09 08 72 594-8 Set on Cover (OF-4 Tag)* 3.75 - - -
09 08 72 594-8v Set on Cover (OP-2 Tag)* 3.75 - - -
09 08 72 594-8+v Set on Cover (OP-4 & -2)* 3.00 - - -
* The British American Bank Note Co., still attempting to overcome the migration problem with the OP-4 type Ottawa tagging, managed to resolve their problem sometime between the first printing of these stamps and their actual release date of Sept. 8. The price quoted on the combination cover 594-8+v is for a cover on which both varieties appear.
10 04 72 564 8¢ Assiniboine Thunderbird 1.30 - - -
10 04 72 565 8¢ Sun Dance Costume 1.30 - - -
10 04 72 564-5 8¢ Se-tenant - 1.80 2.75 3.00
10 04 72 564p 8¢ Assiniboine ThunderbirdTag 1.80 - - -
10 04 72 565P 8¢ Sun Dance Costume (Gen. Tag) 1.80 - - -
10 04 72 564-5p 8¢ Se-tenant (Gen. Tag) - 2.75 4.70 5.10
11 01 72 606 6¢ Candles .95 1.05 1.25 1.30
11 01 72 606p 6¢ Candles (Gen. Tag) .95 1.05 1.25 1.30
11 01 72 607 8¢ Candles 1.00 1.15 1.40 1.45
11 01 72 607P 8¢ Candles (Gen. Tag) 1.00 1.20 1.50 1.55
11 01 72 608 10¢ Candles 1.85 2.85 4.90 5.30
11 01 72 608p 10¢ Candles (Gen. Tag) 2.55 4.20 7.60 8.25
11 01 72 609 15¢ Candles 1.95 3.10 5.35 5.80
11 01 72 609p 15¢ Candles (Gen. Tag) 2.60 4.25 7.65 8.30
11 01 72 606-9 Set on cover 3.50 - - -
11 01 72 606-9p Set on cover (Gen. Tag) 5.00 - - -
11 01 72 606-9+p Set (Tagged & untagged) 3.25 - - -

CP564-5 8¢ Thunderbird and Sun Dance Costume designed by Geo. Beaupre and printed by the British American Bank Note Co. These stamps were issued October 4, 1972 and are a continuation of a series issued to honour the Indians of Canada.

CF606-09 6¢,8¢,10¢ & 15¢ Christmas Stamps issued November 1, 1972. These were designed by Ray Webber and printed by Ashton-Potter Ltd.

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1 No. 6 - December 1984 / January 1985

Articles appearing in this newsletter are protected by Copyright. Anyone wanting to reprint articles must obtain written permission from: Marcel Cool. Short excerpts of articles may be reproduced for the purpose of reviewing this newsletter by philatelic columnists or Editors of philatelic publications.

This issue of the newsletter contains a full length articles which for the first time, was not written by me. In fact, it gives me great pleasure to announce that Mr. Robert Cole, maker of the famous "Cole" cachets, has agreed to share with us the colorful history of Cole Covers in a series of articles. I am also pleased to announce that Robert (Bob) Cole and his wife Louise have become the first Honorary Life Members of this newsletter because of their past achievements in the production of cachets and their continuing interest in the promotion of First Day Cover collecting in Canada.

I am very pleased with the progress being made in our attempts to discover and document the History and Evolution of First Day Covers in Canada. This of course would not have been possible without the cooperation and encouragement of so many of the original subscribers to the newsletter and to the promotion of this project by the philatelic press. I can assure you that I will continue to do my utmost to make First Day Cover collecting a respectable part of Canadian philately.


Robert (Bob) Cole

Ottawa, Ontario

8 September 1965 - 20 Oct. 1971


By: Robert (Bob) Cole

We were not a large organization ... there was just my wife Louise and myself. I designed the cachets and she took care of the shipping. On days (or rather the night) of a first day of issue there were a dozen friends and relatives sticking stamps on cover. Over the years we must have produced around 100 cachets and printed over half a million envelopes.

It all began with Scott No. 442, the Centenary of Ottawa as the Nation's Capital, dated 8 IX 1965. I had not been a stamp collector for very long but as an artist, I had a special interest in illustrated First Day Covers. Just for the fun and the experience, I designed and produced 300 envelopes (not the best quality paper) relief printing, one colour black, and had the printing raised (thermographed) by putting rosin in the ink, then passing the envelopes (ink still wet) under heat lamps. The subject was the parliament buildings as seen from Wellington Street. As can be seen in Fig. 1, the design was too wide and it clashed with the cancel.

A very knowledgeable and interesting gentleman by the name of Fred Harford of Ottawa, Ont. saw one of my covers and contracted me to design a series for him. All in all, I designed eleven cachets for him, six of the Provincial flowers and five commemoratives. I do not believe that more than 1000 of each were serviced. Each cachet has his logo: a mail box, a letter and his name - HARFORD - in capital letters. That was back in the days when first class postage was a nickle.

Harford cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 425

Harford cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 426

Harford cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 427

Harford Cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 428

Harford cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 429

Harford cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 446

Harford Cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 447

Harford Cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 448

Hayford Cover designed by Robert Cole for Scott # 429A

The first COLE COVER was the 50 Atomic Energy of 27 VII 1966. Printed in one colour, a dark blue, was the outline drawing of an energy plant, atomic symbol and dove of peace. Again, about 1,000 were serviced. The envelope quality was not good and after this issue, I bought only highest quality rag content envelopes from Globe Envelope Co.

There wasn't a great deal of interest in this cachet so, in the next one - the library Scott # 450 (8 IX 1966) I put more detail and printed in plum; fortunately this was very much the same colour as the stamp. This did not always happen because the Post Office was often very close-mouthed in regard to forthcoming issues. Everything was a BIG secret.

Interest in my cachets grew, again not much beyond 2,000 but the message came across loud and clear that to succeed, a colourful and well drawn cachet was required. This requirement I took into consideration when preparing the Christmas 1966 cachet that followed.
(To be continued...)



125 covers designed by Sharon Schroeder were prepared for the 25th Anniversary of the Saint Lawrence Seaway for which both the United States and Canada issued a commemorative postage stamp, on June 26, 1984.

Sharon advises that this was the first cover for which she and her family traveled to the first day city to have serviced. Is it possible that we may see more of Sharon's work for future Canadian issues? Time will tell.


Are you ready for this? In a letter addressed to me and signed by Yr. R.W. Eyre, National Director, Retail Marketing, Canada -Post, sales figures of FDC units have been disclosed for the period beginning February 1st 1979 to October 3, 1983. It should be noted that these figures are for Official Canada Post Cacheted First Day Covers only and do not include the total of "collector's own" covers officially cancelled on day of issue. Until notified to the contrary, it is assumed that Plate Blocks on cover are included in the sales figures of single stamps.

Day of Issue M D Y Scott # Description FDC Units
02 01 79 780 14¢ Quebec Carnival 49,907
04 10 79 813 17¢ Turtle 46,179
04 10 79 814 35¢ Bowhead Whale 45,734
04 27 79 815-6 17¢ Postal Code se-tenant 55,891
05 03 79 817-8 17¢ Authors se-tenant 52,353
05 11 79 819-20 17¢ Colonels, se-tenant 63,554
06 15 79 821-32a 17¢ Flags (12 stamps) 376,603
07 03 79 833 17¢ Canoe-Kayak 48,996
08 16 79 834 17¢ Field Hockey 41,643
09 13 79 835-6 17¢ Inuit Shelter, se-tenant 45,714
09 13 79 837-8 17¢ Inuit Community, se-tenant 45,035
10 17 79 839 15¢ Christmas 27,183
10 17 79 840 17¢ Christmas 28,075
10 17 79 841 35¢ Christmas 27,168
10 24 79 842 17¢ Year of the Child 46,032
11 15 79 843-4 17¢ Flying Boats, se-tenant 49,294
11 15 79 845-6 35¢ Flying Boats, se-tenant 48,527
01 23 80 847 17¢ Arctic Islands 50,935
01 23 80 848 35¢ Winter Games 53,309
03 06 80 849-50 17¢ Canadian Art 52,084
03 06 80 851-52 35¢ Canadian Art 51,088
05 06 80 853 17¢ Whitefish 56,334
05 06 80 854 17¢ Prairie Chicken 54,112
05 29 80 855 17¢ Gardening 55,792
05 29 80 856 17¢ Rehabilitation 54,243
06 06 80 857-8 17¢ O'Canada 48,896
06 20 80 859 17¢ Diefenbaker 59,293
07 04 80 860-1 17¢ Willan/Albani 47,510
07 04 80 862 17¢ Ned Hanlan 51,801
08 27 80 863 17¢ Sask. 52,718
08 27 80 864 17¢ Alberta 62,114
09 03 80 865 35¢ Uranium 48,343
09 25 80 866-7 17¢ Inuit Spirits 46,995
09 25 80 868-9 35¢ Inuit Spirits 44,438
10 22 80 870 15¢ Christmas 29,623
10 22 80 871 17¢ Christmas 30,759
10 22 80 872 35¢ Christmas 29,069
11 10 80 873-4 17¢ Military Aircraft 50,545
11 10 80 875-6 35¢ Military Aircraft 47,407
12 05 80 877 17¢ Dr. Lachapelle 65,084
01 19 81 878 17¢ Antique Instrument 58,076
03 04 81 879-82 17¢ Feminists 90,123
Combination 27,790
04 06 81 883 17¢ Marmot 54,190
o4 06 81 884 35¢ Bison 53,842
04 24 81 885-6 17¢ Katerie/ Marie 52,582
Combination 26,587
05 22 81 887 17¢ M.A. Fortin 54,551
05 22 81 888 17¢ F.H. Varley 52,682
05 22 81 889 35¢ P. Borduas 50,972
06 30 81 890-3 17¢ Canada Day, Maps 80,910
Combination 31,698
07 22 81 894-5 17¢ Botanists 45,165
Combination 24,316
07 22 81 896 17¢ Floralies 50,676
07 31 81 897 17¢ Niagara-on-the-Lake 53,202
08 14 81 898 17¢ Acadians 50,630
09 08 81 899 17¢ Mosher 47,353
11 16 81 900 15¢ Christmas 32,068
11 16 81 901 15¢ Christmas 32,422
11 16 81 902 15¢ Christmas 31,731
11 16 81 900-2 Combination 28,768
11 24 81 903-4 17¢ Aircraft 53,596
11 24 81 905-6 35¢ Aircraft 51,364
11 24 81 903-6 Combination 36,826
03 11 82 909 30¢ Beaver 41,388
03 11 82 911 35¢ R.C.M.P. 38,948
03 11 82 909&911 Combination 29,095
04 02 82 914 30¢ Jules Leger 46,800
04 13 82 915 30¢ Terry Fox 66,968
04 16 82 916 30¢ Constitution 68,442
05 20 82 913a 1.90 Canada '82 S/S 41,046
05 20 82 910 30¢ Champlain 32,059
05 20 82 912 35¢ Mt. Hurd 30,288
05 20 82 913 60¢ Bluenose 31,892
05 20 82 910-12-13 Combination 26,228
06 25 82 954 30¢ Salvation Army 53,804
06 30 82 955-66 Canada Day 207,029
08 03 82 967 30¢ Regina 49,259
08 04 82 968 30¢ Henley Regatta 51,721
10 05 82 969-70 30¢ Aircraft 43,173
10 05 82 971-2 60¢ Aircraft 41,071
10 05 82 969-72 Combination 26,975
11 03 82 973 30¢ Christmas 25,465
11 03 82 974 35¢ Christmas 25,424
11 03 82 975 60¢ Christmas 25,315
11 03 82 973-5 Combination 26,662
03 10 83 976 32¢ World Communications 49,081
03 14 83 977 $2. Commonwealth Day 38,526
04 22 83 978-9 32¢ Pratt/Conan 37,426
04 22 83 980 Combination 22,089
06 03 83 981 32¢ St. John Ambulance 49,261
06 28 83 982 32¢ World University Games 23,638
06 28 83 981-2 64¢ World University Games 22,220
06 28 83 992a Combination 19,755
06 30 83 993 $3.20 Forts Booklet 48,363
07 06 83 994 32¢ Scouting 52,474
07 22 83 995 32¢ World Council of Churches 40,259
08 03 83 996 32¢ Sir Humphrey Gilbert 55,041
08 12 83 997 32¢ Nickel Discovery 53,343
09 16 83 998 32¢ Henson 43,091
09 16 83 999-1000 32¢ Labelle 54,747
10 03 83 1001 32¢ Trains 49,430
10 03 83 1002 37¢ Train 22,700
10 03 83 999-1002 64¢ Train 22,380
10 03 83 Combination 27,848


Beginning in 1969, Mr. Alfred W. Nowlan of Glasgow Nova Scotia began to issue a newsletter entitled "HOW THINGS LOOK FROM HERE". Alfred and his wife Frances serviced Canadian First Day covers for many years until the sudden death of Norman Rosenbloom on May 27th, 1984.

With Mr. Nowlan's permission, I am reprinting in part, an article which appeared in newsletter #1.


In November of 1968 a situation arose whereby the Canadian Post Office saw fit to spring a surprise issue of a new 6¢ definitive. Nobody could be sure what way the situation would turn so there were no cachets ready when about noon on October 31st word spread in Ottawa that a new 6¢ definitive would go on sale at Post Offices across Canada at 9 A.M. on November 1st. Due to such short notice it was decided by the postal authorities that in fairness to collectors across Canada who couldn't possibly get their covers to Ottawa on time for first day cancellation that there would be no Day of Issue cancellation of this issue.

The makers of Rosecraft, who generally produce 60,000 cachets for each new issue, thought what a disappointment this would be for their friends and customers. They immediately went to work and
designed a cachet which they had on the press by early evening. Due to lack of time, only 5,000 cachets could be printed. These were rushed to our service men who had gone to Ottawa to take care of New Issue Service on the 5¢ Christmas Issue to be released on November 1st. The rest is history, by combining the 6¢ definitive with the 5¢ Christmas issue, officially issued on the same day, we were able to persuade the authorities at the Ottawa Post Office to put them through the Day of Issue canceller and so created a scarce Canadian First Day Cover. Mr. George Rogers writing in the "Canadian Plate Block Journal" estimated that the number of covers serviced in this manner by the Post Office at Ottawa, who were busy with the 5¢ Christmas issue could not have exceeded 1,000. In view of our participation in this issue, we feel that a more likely figure would be around 5,000.

5,000 of the above cachet were produced by Rosecraft on the day prior to the date of issue of Scott # 459. Many of these were serviced in Ottawa by Norman Rosenbloom who later produced the "NR" cachets.

A number of Rosecraft cachets which had been designed for use with the 5¢ Christmas issue, Scott # 488, were also used in order to receive the Official cancel on day of issue for the 6¢ definitive stamp.

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1 No. 7 - February 1985

Articles appearing in this newsletter are protected by Copyright. Anyone wanting to reprint articles must obtain permission from: Marcel Cool. Short excerpts of articles may be reproduced for the purpose of reviewing this newsletter by philatelic columnists or Editors of philatelic publications.


Although George Eppstadt of Maxville, Ontario was the first Canadian to prepare cacheted FDCs, he was not alone in servicing FDCs for the June 29th issues. Emily King of Halifax, Nova Scotia also had a number of covers serviced at the Halifax Post Office and bearing the Diamond Jubilee Flag cancel.

According to Hugh Bignell of Tantallon, N.S., she is thought to have been the wife of the Postmaster at the time. I am grateful to Mr. Bignell and Joe Vogel of Indianapolis, Ind. for having supplied copies of these covers from their collections.


Robert (Bob) Cole

Ottawa, Ontario

8 September 1965 - 20 Oct. 1971


By: Robert (Bob) Cole

Canada's Centennial in 1967 had great import for collectors of Canadian First Day of Issue cacheted covers. It was Canada's 100th birthday. Prior to 1867, there was but a handful of scattered British colonies on the Atlantic coast, along the St-Lawrence River and the Great Lakes. In 1867 four of these, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec banded together in a Confederation of the Dominion of Canada.

My wife Louise and I, (she did most of the office work and I designed and produced the cacheted envelopes), were proud to take an active part on this historic occasion. Canada's Centennial was a catalyst in developing and maturing our national personality and pride. There were fantastic programmes going on in every province. Philatelically, where in 1966 there were eight postage stamps issued, in 1967 Canada issued twenty-two ! Many of the COLE COVERS produced that year contributed to documenting these events alone, and in co-operation with the Post Office.

The first stamp issued in 1967 was the Centennial stamp, Scott #453, issued 11 Jan. 1967. The cachet I designed was in two colours, light blue and red. It combined the Centennial symbol and title; colour complimented the stamp with Canada outlined on world and included an ethnic variety of Canadians. The First Day of Issue cancellation also incorporated the centennial symbol for this
and most stamps issued in 1967.

COLE cachet for Canada's Centennial stamp Scott #1153

The next issue on 8 Feb. 1967 was hectic. Twelve stamps with a total face value of $2.43. When you consider that in 1967 the first class postage rate was 5¢ (the equivalent of 32¢ today) and processing approximately 5,000 covers was a considerable outlay so early in the game. The total number of cachets printed was about 40,000, three designs. The majority of these were serviced by individuals and dealers themselves. We serviced covers as well as selling the finished product. Every issue varied. No one had time to keep track of numbers. All our energy was spent meeting Post Office service deadlines.

For the regular issues I designed two cachets both with Queen Elizabeth II portraits. The background colours were varied, not an expensive proposition when printing letterpress (relief). In the one where there is an island in the foreground only the overlay is thermographed (raised printing). In the one with the lighthouse in the foreground both colours were thermographed, but notice that I had to leave an open space around her head. The reason was two thermographed colours could not be allowed to touch.

COLE cachets designed for use with low value definitive stamps of 1967.

Thermography or raised printing was and still is (business cards) a way of making the cachet look and feel like an expensive engraving. To get this raised effect the printer mixed some rosin in the ink and the printed envelopes were then passed under heat lamps, the heat caused the treated
ink to blister. It cost about a penny more per envelope but often it was worth it.

I was not very happy with either of these designs. I was more pleased with the single cachet I designed for the 8¢, 10¢, 15¢, 20¢, 25¢, 50¢ and $1.00 Canadian Art 1967 definitives. I combined the work of two artists and listed the seven painters.The design could not take up too much space because a number of dealers and collectors wanted plate blocks on cover.

The Post Office would not service covers with only a 1¢ or 2¢ regular definitive. The minimum was three 1¢, for the 2¢ a pair. This was no real hardship. The hardship was putting on and taking off thousands of peelable self address labels. It was at this time the P.O. allowed us to just pencil
in our P.C. Box (having a P.O. Box in Ottawa Main P.O. was a must) when boxed in quantities of 500. The Post Office was quite rightly concerned about possible mix-ups. The P.O. workers were very careful and very considerate.

The next major philatelic involvement in Canada's Centennial was Expo 67 and the Queen's visit to Canada. COLE covers was very much involved....
(To be continued.)


COLE cachet designed for use with high value definitive stamps of 1967



Interesting Statistics

In the July 13th, 1970 issue of Linn's Stamp News there is an article in which Mr. Fernand G. Malo, Post Office head for Quebec in addressing the American Topical Association in Montreal spoke of the enormous growth of Philately in Canada to more than 300,000 collectors.

In the December 22, 1984 edition of the Montreal GAZETTE, Mr. Larry McInnis, internationally known stamp columnist, wrote as follows: " Canada Post Corporation estimates they are nearly 800,000 stamp collectors in Canada".

In 1970, the population of Canada was estimated at 21 million; in 1984, it was estimated at 23 million. By doing a few quick calculations, in 1970, 14 people out of every thousand Canadians collected stamps while in 1984, 34 people out of every thousand collect stamps; an increase of almost 2 1/2 times in 14 years. Needless to say, philately is definitely not losing grounds in Canada.


Recently, while reading through some older issues of "Maple Leaves", the Journal of the Canadian Philatelic Society of Great Britain, I came across an article written by Dr. Edward Mercantini on Canada's Tagged Stamps. This was an extremely interesting article and one part of it was of particular importance to our field of study. It reads as follows:

"There is no definite record to indicate the exact date on which the 1962 design tagged stamps were actually first used, but presumably it was soon after the following dates which indicate when the first shipments of these were forwarded to the Postage Stamp Depot in Winnipeg from the manufacturers:

31st January, 1963 31st January, 1963
30th April, 1963 10th December, 1962
30th April, 1963

The above is quoted directly from the article which appeared in the June 1964 issue of Maple Leaves on page 108.

Not having personally seen these stamps (401p to 405p) on First Day Cover, I began to doubt their existence. I began my research by referring to the Standard Canadian catalogues. Lyman gives the date of issue for # 401p to 403P as May 15, 1963, # 404p as Feb. 1963 and 405p as Jan. 1963. The Scott Specialized Catalogue of Canadian Stamps and Covers did not give specific issue dates. The dates in the Gandley Cover Catalogue correspond exactly with Lyman. All of these catalogues offered pricing information for these stamps on FDC. The question still remained in my mind "How can FDC's exist if the date of issue is disputed?

I then decided to write to Ken Rose, the undisputed expert on Canadian tagged stamps, in order to get his opinion on this issue. While waiting for his reply (which was very prompt), I found the answer I was looking for in "The Guidebook and Catalogue of Canadian Stamps" by Glen Hansen. (One of the best, if not THE best catalogue on Canadian Stamps ever compiled).

The notations for this issue in Mr. Hansen's catalogue read as follows: "There is no effort to alert collectors on the addition of new tagged values or any other change. It was only the process of finding out on their own that collectors became aware that new issues, tagged, were released in Winnipeg at the same time as the ordinary stamps appeared in the rest of Canada.

The Cameo Set, released in 1962-1963, is thus rare on first day covers in tagged versions. Only those collectors who happened to catch the tagging as it was released on the various first days and then prepared their own covers and those who accidentally made up their own Winnipeg first day covers have these rather rare cover varieties. Interest in Tagged stamps, even in Winnipeg, was not too great at that time and most first day covers I have seen of the Cameo Set were admitedly accidental in nature."

Mr. Ken Rose in his reply to my inquiry was also of the opinion that the release dates of the tagged stamps was the same as the ordinary stamps which are as follows:

401p & 404p Feb 4, 1963
402p & 403P May 2, 1963
405P Oct 3, 1962

Mr. Rose has 401p to 404P on First Day Cover in his collection. So, to reset the record straight as Mr. Glenn Hansen had in his 1971 catalogue, First Day Covers do exist for these tagged stamps and the dates of issue are the same as the ordinary stamps. Does anyone have a set to spare? After all, they are only catalogued at 50¢ to $3.50 each ?????


Speaking of the Cameo issue, Rosecraft prepared a combination cover bearing a set of the 5 stamps and dated May 2, 1963, the day of issue for the last two stamps released for this issue. Does anyone out there have one? I would need a photocopy to include in my study of this issue.



In the past, several firms and organizations utilized FDCs to mail advertizing matter to their customers or a message related to the actual stamp issue. The collecting and study of these are an interesting sideline to FDC collecting. For this issue, I have chosen a Rosecraft cachet used for the World Health Day Issue (Scott # 560) of April 7, 1972. This cover, which is illustrated below, was addressed to the CKRC Radio Station in Winnipeg, Manitoba by the Manitoba Heart Foundation. Note the logo of the Canadian Heart Foundation on the letter which also is illustrated on the cachet.

Readers may be interested in sharing some of their favorite stuffers with us for future issues of the newsletter:

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1 No. 8 - March 1965

Articles appearing in this newsletter are protected by Copyright. Anyone wanting to reprint articles must obtain written permission from: Marcel Cool. Short excerpts of articles may be reproduced for the purpose of reviewing this newsletter by philatelic columnists or Editors of philatelic publications.


While reviewing the many interesting displays at the CANADA '84 show held in Montreal last October, I noticed the unusual cover illustrated below which was part of an excellent display on the Canadian Beaver. This display, which won a silver ribbon, was prepared by one of our enterprising youths from Stoney Creek, Ont., Miss Karen Ward. The Ottawa Postal Museum cancel depicting a beaver made this a most appropriate cover for part of her display. Does anyone know who made these covers?



This stamp was designed by the Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited. It depicts an allegory of flight featuring two winged figures holding hands over a globe representing the northern half of the western hemisphere on which Canada is outlined. Also depicted is a Fairchild Cabin monoplane. You will note that the winged figures share but one pair of wings which is not recommended for either one to attempt a solo flight. A quantity of 5,050M of these were issued on September 21, 1925. Since George Eppstadt had lost a fair sum of money by producing his cachets, no Canadian would venture in this still embryonic hobby of FDC collecting. An enterprising and imaginative cachet maker in the U.S.A. by the name of A.C. Roessler was to be the first American to produce a cacheted cover for a Canadian stamp issue. Albert C. Roessler was born on April 7, 1883, in Newark, N.J., and died Jan.25, 1952. He was the first American to offer serviced cacheted First Day Covers on a commercial scale beginning with the "Huguenot-Walloon" issue of May 1, 1924 (Scott # 614-616). Advance notice of stamp issues were given in one of his many publications: the "Daily Postal Bulletin and Stamp News. He was also keenly interested in First Flights and prepared special cacheted envelopes for these, including the first official US airmail flight of 1918. Among some of his rarer cachets are those he produced for some of the Canadian issues. Very few First Day covers are known for this stamp issue, and I would like to thank two of our prominent collectors, Maurice Malenfant and Joe Vogel for sharing with us covers from their collections. Two cities are represented: Montreal and Toronto. Does anyone have FDCs for this issue from other cities? References: Canada's postage stamps, Douglas and Mary Fatrick, Rev, Ed, Toronto McClelland and Stewart, 1968.

A man of mystery, Robyn Hayes, Stamp Collector, Oct. 15, 1984. Albert C. Roessler - Canada Cachets, Steve Ritzer, First Days, Sept.- Oct. 1969.

First American cachet used for a Canadian stamp issue, produced by and addressed to: A.C. Roessler, East Orange, N.J. The Illustration is a picture of Charles A. Lindbergh.


Toronto, Ont. Postal Term A cancel on day of issue.


This was Canada's first regular issue of stamps with bilingual inscriptions. The lower values bore a portrait of King George V in uniform, taken from a photograph by Lafayette of London. The higher values depicted scenes from the various Canadian regions. Dates of issue vary with different authorities as do the estimated quantities of stamps issued. The stamps were printed by the Canadian Bank Note Company. Canada changed printers in 1929 and, because of this, the issue had a relatively short life. Due to the lack of interest in FDC collecting in Canada at the time, no known cacheted covers have been found for this issue. First Day Covers for this issue are scarce and we are indebted to T.R. Legault, who was the Accountant in Charge, Postage Stamp Division of the Canadian Post Office Department in Ottawa. Mr. Legault was a stamp collector and an early Canadian FDC collector. Because of his position, he was one of the few to know the exact dates of issue of Canadian stamps and postal stationary. He used this information to his advantage and prepared FDCs of these items for himself and his friend and fellow collector in Montreal, A.F. Brophy. Mr. Legault continued his collection until his death in 1939. Two of our subscribers are priviledged to own several of these covers and I would like to thank both Maurice Malenfant and Tom Collop for providing copies of these items. The following is a listing of the stamps issued in this series and the various dates of issue shown in various catalogues:

Scott # 149 1 cent orange Oct 25, 1928 and Oct 29, 1928
# 150 2 cents green Oct 16, 1928 and Oct 17, 1928
# 151 3 cents carmine Dec 12, 1928
# 152 4 cents bistro Aug 16, 1928 and Aug 16, 1929
# 153 5 cents violet Dec 12, 1928 and Dec 28, 1928
# 151 8 cents blue Dec 21, 1928
# 155 10 cents green Dec 5, 1928 and Oct 5, 1928
# 156 12 cents grey Jan 6, 1929 and Jan 8, 1929
# 157 20 cents carmine Jan 6, 1929 and Jan 8, 1929
# 158 50 cents blue Jan 6, 1929 and Jan 8, 1929
# 159 Dollar green Jan 6, 1929 and Jan 8, 1929

Mr. Legault was in a privileged position to know the dates of Issue at Ottawa and since he did prepare First Day Covers for this issue, it is only reasonable to assume that these were in fact the dates of issue in Ottawa. As other post Offices across Canada no doubt received their supplies of these stamps a few days prior to the Official issue date, it is possible if not probable that one or more of these offices began using these before Ottawa. This is without doubt the case for # 153, the first stamp issued for this series. The Legault cover shows an Ottawa cancel of Oct 17, 1928 whereas the Rev. McCall cover shows an Edmonton cancel of Oct 16, 1928.

Legault cover showing Official Ottawa date of issue as Oct 17.

Rev. McCall cover cancelled in Edmonton, Alta. Oct 16, 1928.


First Day of use in Toronto, Ont. corresponds with Ottawa Official date. Evidence points to the Official date of issue as being OCT 17, 1928. Until such time as official records can prove to the contrary, this date should be adopted by catalogue editors as the Official date of issue. The seconds stamp to be issued in this series was the 1¢ orange, Scott # 149. Two Legault covers are illustrated, one. addressed to himself and the other to A.F. Brophy in Montreal. These covers indicate that the first day of issue was Oct 29, 1929.


The next two stamps issued were the 3¢ carmine and the 5¢ violet. These
were issued Dec 12, 1926 in Ottawa. At least most catalogues are in agree-
ment with this date.

Note how a dealer, obviously unaware of the importance of this Brophy cover, casually placed a price sticker over "First Day Cover".

The last stamp in this series to be issued in 1928 was the 8¢ blue, as shown above on a FDC cancelled in Ottawa on Dec 21, 1926. This too is in agreement with all catalogues. Mr. Legault's FDCs being in agreement in several instances with the dates shown in catalogues, there seems little reason to doubt the validity of the dates shown on his covers as being the true Official date of issue.

Although I do not have a reference cover for the 10¢ stamp, I believe it reasonable to assume that this would not have been the first stamp issued in the series and would therefore discard the possibility of Oct 5, 1925 as being the Official date of issue. I would definitely be more inclined to accept Dec 5, 1928 as being the Official date of issue. This is the first pictorial stamp of the series and is taken from a water color by Frederick Marlett Bell-Smith, entitled "The Ice-Crowned Monarch of the Rockies". The side panels show Totem Poles, emblematic of Canada's west coast Indians.
All the other high values in this series were issued on the same date which, according to the Legault covers was Jan 8, 1929.

The 12¢ stamp depicts the Quebec Cantilever Bridge. Construction of the bridge began in 1900. On Aug 29, 1907, one of the cantilever spans collapsed killing 75 workers. On Sep 11, 1916, as the center span was being hoisted into position, it suddenly fell into the river claiming another 13 lives. The bridge was completed in 1917. With a main span of 1800 feet, it is the longest cantilever bridge in the world.

The 20¢ stamp shows the Heaping of wheat in Western Canada. The horse-drawn equipment was typical of farming in the 1920s and 1930s. A train, as well as mountains, can be seen in the background.
The 50¢ stamp is one of Canada's most famous postage stamps and depicts the Bluenose the famous fishing schooner, racing off the coast of Nova Scotia. This is a composite picture taken from a photograph of W.R. MacAskill taken in 1922.
The $1 stamp shows the same view of the Parliament Buildings as that used for the 3¢ Confederation stamp issued in 1927 (Scott # 143).

The last stamp in this series, the 4¢ bistre was issued on Aug 16, 1929 as shown by the Legault cover illustrated above.
It is hoped that the evidence presented in this article will convince Canadian catalogue publishers to adopt what I feel convinced are the true Official dates of issue and therefore end the discrepency in issue dates shown in various catalogues. To summarize, the following dates are the Official Ottawa issue dates for this series of stamps:

Scott # 149 1 cent orange Oct 29, 1928
# 150 2 cents green Oct 17, 1928
# 151 3 cents carmine Dec 12, 1928
# 152 4 cents bistro Aug 16, 1929
# 153 5 cents violet Dec 12, 1928
# 151 8 cents blue Dec 21, 1928
# 155 10 cents green Dec 5, 1928
# 156 12 cents grey Jan 8, 1929
# 157 20 cents carmine Jan 8, 1929
# 158 50 cents blue Jan 8, 1929
# 159 Dollar green Jan 8, 1929

FDC Specialist - Vol. 1 No. 9 - April 1985

Articles appearing in this newsletter are protected by Copyright. Anyone wanting to reprint articles must obtain written permission from: Marcel Cool. Short excerpts of articles may be reproduced for the purpose of reviewing this newsletter by philatelic columnists or editors of Philatelic pubIications.


On May 20th 1982, a series of Canadian stamps were issued to commemorate Canada 82 and to honour the work of young collectors. It is hoped that the work of our youth is done in a more precise way than was done by Canada Post for this issue. In fact, the stamps depicted earlier Canadian stamps and the stamp bulletin issued by the philatelic service of Canada Post states in part "The 35-cent denomination will feature the Mount Hurd stamp of 5 December 1928" and "The 60-cent stamp shows the Bluenose stamp of 8 January 1929".

The Canada Post Official cacheted First Day Covers for this issue have a brief description of the stamps printed on the back which reads in part: "the 10¢ Mount Hurd stamp was issued on 5 October 1928" and " The 5¢ Bluenose stamp was issued on 6 January 1929".

A series of postcards featuring the original Canadian stamps was also issued by Canada Post on this occasion which also gave a brief description of these stamps. The dates of issue on these coincide with those given on the First Day covers above. One has to wonder how they obtained the correct dates (See article in Vol 1 #8) for the stamp bulletin? To obtain the other set of dates, all that one has to do is refer to the Scott Specialized, the Canada Specialized or the Lyman catalogues.

I have already published evidence for the official issue dates of these stamps; would any of the above firms be prepared to offer evidence for the dates which they quote?


As the British American Bank Note Company secured the contract for printing Canadian stamps in 1929, it became necessary for them to design a new series of definitive stamps. The design chosen for the required new release of stamps was the Maple Leaf in each of the upper corners on all values and the arch used for all the low value stamps from 1¢ to 10¢ thereby giving the name for this issue of "Arch and Maple Leaf".

Ten stamps were originally planned for this issue but, changes in Postal Rates and Universal Postal Union regulations necessitated new values and colors for the definitive stamps.

For this issue, as was the case for the Scroll issue of 1928, no cacheted covers are known to exist, and we are once again indebted to Mr. T.R. Legault for the preparation of First Day Covers addressed to himself and to Mr. A.F. Brophy of Montreal.

This issue is also known by Plate Block collectors as being the first issue to have the Plate Number and other imprint information in the four corners of the printer's sheet. Canada was the first country to adopt this system of imprimature.

Mr. Legault also prepared covers bearing Plate Blocks for all the low value stamps up to and including the 10¢ stamp. These covers are unique. The exact number of covers bearing single stamps prepared by Mr. Legault is not known but at least two sets were addressed to Mr. A.F. Brophy.

It appears that very few cities other than Ottawa, the official city, received their supplies of these stamps for the day of issue. Covers from only two other cities are known: Grand Pre, Nova Scotia and Senneville, Que.

A note is known signed by the Postmistress at Grand Pre, N.S. dated Dec. 8th, 1930 advising that only three covers bearing the 500 Grand Pre stamp had been postmarked by that office on the day of issue, Dec. 4th, 1933.

Several FDCs with plate blocks of four of the 2¢ green, Scott # 164 (`Plate Nos 3, 4 and 5) and 5¢ violet, Scott # 159 (Plate No 1) were made at Senneville, Que. by Ian C. Morgan, the publisher of "The Specialized Catalogue of Canadian Airmails".

The first stamp to be issued in this series was the 2¢ green, Scott # 164, issued Jun 6, 1930. As with all the low values from 1¢ to 8¢, it shows a picture of H.M. King George Vth in uniform by Carl Ault. The 5¢ violet stamp was issued on June 16, 1930.

As for the illustrations used for the Scroll issue, the covers shown in this article are from the collections of Tom Collop and Maurice Malenfant. I thank them again for their cooperation in contributing precious material for the documentation and research on Canadian First Day covers.

On July 17, 1930 the 1¢ orange stamp was issued, Scott # 162, and on August 13, 1930 the 8¢ blue, Scott # 171 was issued.

On September 2, 1930 a new 20¢ special delivery stamp was issued. Legault covers also exist for this stamp.


The 10¢ value depicts the Library of Parliament in Ottawa and was issued Sept. 15, 1933, Scott # 173.

The 4¢ yellow bistre, Scott # 168 illustrated below, was issued Nov. 5, 1930. Also issued on that date was Scott # 172, 8¢ orange.

On July 1st, 1931 the rate for domestic letters was raised from 2¢ to 3¢ while a year before the rate for foreign letters had been reduced to 5¢ from 8¢. According To Universal Postal Union regulations, it was necessary to change the color of all affected values so that the 1¢ was changed from orange to green, the 2¢ from green to red, the 5¢ from violet to blue and the 6¢ from blue to orange. Also in 1830, the 2¢ had to be changed a second time from red to brown so that the new 3¢ value could be issued in red.

On Nov. 13, 1930 the blue colored 5¢ stamp was issued, followed on Nov 17th by the 2¢ red Scott # 165. The high value, double size definitives as well as a new Air Mail stamp Scott # C2 were all issued on the same day: Dec. 4, 1930.

The 12¢ stamp depicts the Citadel in Quebec city, which is a four-pointed fortress atop Cape Diamond, some 350 feet above and overlooking the St. Lawrence River to the east. The present structure was erected by the British in 1823-32 to defend against possible attack from the United States.

The 20¢ stamp, Scott # 175 depicts a harvesting scene in the prairies. The 20¢ stamp of the Scroll issue had also depicted a harvesting scene showing horse-drawn equipment. This more modern version shows a mechanized form of harvesting tractor.

The 5¢ stamp, Scott # 176 shows a composite view of Grand Pre, Nova Scotia, home of the heroine of Longfellow's poem Evangeline. Depicted is the chapel in Grand Pre Memorial Park built to preserve the memory of the Church of St. Charles in which the expulsion of the Acadians was ordered. Also depicted is the bronze statue of Evangeline by Philippe Hebert, a direct descendant of the first Acadian families. Hebert died before the work was completed. It was finished by his son Henri and unveiled in 1920.

The Dollar stamp, Scott # 177 depicts Mount Cavell, named after the heroic nurse of the first World War who was executed by the Germans in Belgium in 1915. The mountain is situated in Jasper National Park, Alberta.

The charge in printers also necessitated the issue of a new Airmail stamp along with the new regular issue. As with the definitive stamps, this 5¢ brown stamp, Scott #C2 also has the Maple Leaf in the upper corners and depicts a globe and a figure of the winged Mercury, the messenger of the Gods, is shown with a scroll in his hand against the western hemisphere.

First Day Covers for this issue are only known with Ottawa cancellations. Besides the Legault cover shown below, Mr. Hugh Bignell of Tantallon, N.S. has supplied us with a very unusual air mail cover for this issue. Can anyone identify the designer of this air mail border?

The last stamp in this series to be issued in 1930 was the 1¢ green, Scott # 163 issued Dec 6, 1930. The following is a summary of all the Canadian stamps issued in 1930 in chronological sequence.

June 6, 1930 2¢ green Scott # 164
June 18, 1930 5¢ violet Scott # 169
July 17, 1930 1¢ orange Scott # 162
August 13, 1930 8¢ blue Scott # 171
September 2, 1930 20¢ henna brown Scott #E4
September 15, 1930 10¢ green Scott. # 173
November 5, 1930 4¢ bistre Scott # 168
November 5, 1930 8¢ orange Scott # 172
November 13, 1930 5¢ blue Scott # 170
November 17, 1930 2¢ red Scott # 165
December 4, 1930 12¢ grey Scott # 174
December 4, 1930 20¢ red Scott # 175
December 4, 1930 50¢ blue Scott # 176
December 4, 1930 $1 green Scott # 177
December 4, 1930 5¢ brown Scott # C2
December 6, 1930 1¢ green Scott # 163

In order to make this Study as complete as possible, I would greatly appreciate receiving copies of any additional first day covers for this issue as well as any other information pertinent to this issue.


A change in the international postal rates, effective July 1, 1931, made the issuance of a red 3¢ stamp necessary. Since all the 3¢ stamps of the 1928 scroll issue had been used up and that dies had not been prepared for a 3¢ stamp for the Maple Leaf & Arch issue, it became necessary for the post office to provisionally use a three cent stamp of the Admiral issue of 1924. These were coil stamps, perforated 8 vertically, which had been hand-made jointed strips for use in vending machines. These stamps were perforated 12 horizontally and issued in Ottawa on June 2L, 1931 to be used until a 3¢ stamp of the regular series could be issued. T.R. Legault again prepared first day covers for this issue. No cacheted covers are known to exist. This stamp is listed as Scott # 184.

On July 4, 1931 the third and final 2¢ value printed in brown, Scott # 166 was issued. Previously printed in red, Scott # 165, the color had to be changed to allow the printing in red of the required 3¢ stamp.

The provisional issue was only used for a short time. On July 13, 1931 the red 3¢ Maple Leaf & Arch type was issued.

The last stamp to be issued in 1931 was a 10¢ stamp, Scott # 190, depicting a portrait of Sir Georges Etienne Cartier, replacing the 10¢ Library stamp, Scott # 173. The stamp was issued on September 30th, 1931.

It had originally been planned to include a stamp honoring Sir Georges Etienne Cartier, MacDonald's partner in the Confederation of Canada as part of the historical issue of 1927, Scott Nos 146-148. The stamp was delayed and finally released as part of the Maple Leaf Arch issue. Legault covers were again prepared for this issue and no cachets are known to exist.

The dark ages of Canadian First Day cover collecting finally came to an end with the 1932 issues. The rarity of First Day covers prior to 1932 is the main reason for catalogues to begin listing First Day cover prices in 1932 only. It is hoped that with the cooperation of collectors of Postal History material and cover specialists more and more covers will be discovered used on the first day of issue of Canadian Stamps. At this point in time, it, may even be worthwhile to form a study group to attempt to establish the earliest covers available for any given stamp, including coil stamps.